Biblical Numerology

BIBLICAL NUMEROLOGY

1) Symbolizes the unity of God (there is one God) (Deut. 6:4; 1 Cor. 8:4: Gal. 3:20). The number also represents the unity between the Father and the Son (Jn. 10:30), the singular sacrifice of Christ, and Christ’s being the one Mediator and Shepherd (1 Tim. 2:5; Jn. 10:16).
2) Symbolizes the duality of man, consistent of both spirit and flesh (Gal. 5:16-18). The number two also represents the union of two parties, the verification of two witnesses (Mk. 6:7-13; 1 Tim. 5:19), the union between Christ and the church (1 Cor. 12), and the Old and New Testaments. The number two can also represent comparison and contrast between two things.
3) Symbolizes the triune nature of God. By no surprise, three can also represent completeness. Three may also represent God’s perfect design as there are three heavens (2 Cor. 12:2), three time frames (past, present, future), three points of measurement (beginning, middle, end), three kinds of sacrifice (sin, peace, and praise), three kinds of laws (moral, ceremonial, and civil), three things that were placed in the Ark of the Covenant (Ten Commandments, Aaron’s staff, and a jar of manna), three gifts of grace (faith, hope, and love), and three parts to salvation (justification, sanctification, and glorification).
4) Symbolizes the creative work of God and universal truth: 4 corners of the earth (Rev. 7:1); 4 rivers of Paradise (Gen. 2:10); 4 winds of heaven (Jer. 49:36); 4 acts of judgment (Ezek. 14:21—sword, famine, evil beasts, and pestilence); 4 horsemen (Rev. 6); and 4 winds (Matt. 24:31); and four guardians of God’s throne.
5) Represents God’s goodness and grace upon humanity and teaching. There are two divisions of five in the Ten Commandments; five offerings given to God (Burnt—Lev. 4; Sin—Lev. 4; Trespass—Lev. 5:14-19; Grain—Lev. 2; and Peace—Lev. 3); the five divisions of Psalms; and the five books of the Law (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy).
6) Represents the fallen nature of humanity. God created human beings on the 6th day. Six days were given to work. 666 is the number of Satan. Babylon used heximal system of counting (see Ezek .40:6, Daniel 3:1) and represents the antichristian world rule of antichrist.
7) 7 is one of the most important numbers in the Bible. It symbolizes completion, perfection, God’s covenant and rest. God finished creation in 7 days. There are 7 great land masses. 7 colors of the rainbow. 7 notes make a perfect scale. 7 days in the feast of Passover. 7 weeks between Passover and Pentecost. 7 days for the Feast of Tabernacles. God had 7 covenants with humanity (Adamic, Noahic, Abrahamic, Mosaic, Levitic, Davidic, and Messianic). In Revelation, one finds 7 churches, 7 letters, 7 candlesticks, 7 stars, 7 angels, 7 Spirits of God, 7 Seal Judgments, 7 horns, 7 eyes on the Lamb, 7 trumpets, 7 thunders, 7 mountains, 7 bowls, 7 kings, and so on.
8) The number eight is also of great importance as it symbolizes new life, resurrection, a new covenant, and new beginnings. God spoke 8 words to bring forth creation (Gen. 1:3, 6, 9, 11, 14, 20, 24, 26). Jesus rose on the 8th day—the first day of the week (Sun. Apr. 5, 33 AD). Eight people were resurrected besides Jesus’s own resurrection. If you take the numerical value of Jesus’s name, it comes to 888.
9) Nine, a multiple of three, symbolizes the finality of faith or divine completeness. Christ died in the ninth hour (3 pm). Yom Kippur occurs on the 9th day of the 7th month (Lev. 23:32). The fruit of the Spirit consists of nine qualities (love, joy, peace, patience, goodness, kindness, gentleness, faithfulness, and self-control—Gal. 5:22-23).
10) Like 7, 10 symbolizes completion. For instance, there were Ten Commandments. In the end times, 10 kingdoms will exist. 10 spies were sent out (Num. 13:32). 10 men were needed to form a quorum in the Sanhedrin.
11) Represents chaos, disorder, and judgment. The number 11 is used twenty-four times in Scripture and “11th” can be found 19 times, all denoting chaos. John saw 11 things connected to the final judgment (Rev. 20:12-14).
12) Another major number in Scripture, 12 symbolizes God’s government. God brought about 12 tribes from Jacob’s 12 sons. There are 12 lunar cycles corresponding to 12 months of one year. Jesus called 12 apostles (Matt. 10:2-4). 12 is seen quite frequently in Revelation.
14) Implies a double measure of spiritual perfection due to the fact that it is seven doubled and that there are three sets of 14 generations in Jesus’s lineage.
20) May imply a time of waiting. Jacob had to wait 20 years to marry his wives and be freed from Laban’s control.
21) May imply great wickedness and sin. Advocates hold that Satan is released on the 21stday of the seventh Hebrew month at the end of time. Satan will rise and will finally be defeated once and for all.
22) May imply disorder, chaos, and disorganization since 22 is 11 doubled.
23) May imply evil. Jezebel, an evil woman, is mentioned 23 times compared to Eve who is referenced 19 times.
24) Implies priesthood and the worship of God. 24 is a multiple of 12. David divided into 24 divisions (1 Chron. 24).
25) Implies grace doubled. In Ezekiel’s vision of the future temple, which was seen in the 25thyear of captivity (Eze. 40:1), he gives 5 measurements of the temple which are 25 cubits long (Eze. 40:13, 21, 25, 29-30).
30) Represents a person’s calling. Aaronic priests were dedicated at 30 years of age. Jesus was around the age of 30 when he began his 3 ½ year ministry (Lk. 3:23).
33) May imply the promises of God. Often, 33 may be linked with divine judgment. 33 is the numeric equivalent of the term amen. Other links are found with 33 in the 33rd use of a particular name in Scripture (e.g., 33rd time Abraham is mentioned, he had Isaac).
40) Symbolizes testing and trials. Genesis notes that it rained 40 days and 40 nights upon the earth during the time of Noah’s testing. Moses was in Egypt 40 years, in Midian 40 years, and served God 40 years. Moses was on Mt. Sinai 40 days as God gave him the law. Saul, David, Solomon, and Josiah ruled for 40 years. Israel was in the wilderness 40 years. Jesus fasted in the wilderness 40 days. Jesus taught his disciples for 40 days following his resurrection.
42) Symbolizes the antichrist and time cut short. The antichrist will be allowed to have authority for 42 months (Rev. 13:4-5) half of 7 years.
50) Symbolizes power, celebration, and joy. The Year of Jubilees came on the 50th year (Lev. 25:10). Pentecost occurred 50 days after Jesus’s resurrection, was on the 50th day after the first harvest of grain, and was the time that the Holy Spirit filled believers with his presence. David has a connection with 50 in 2 Samuel 24.
70/72) Symbolizes human leadership and judgment. Moses appointed 70 elders (Ex. 24:1). The Sanhedrin consisted of 70 men. Jesus chose 70 or 72 disciples (Lk. 10:1). Jesus told Peter to forgive 70 times 7.
120 Implies a divine time of waiting. 120 disciples were gathered when Matthias was chosen as Judas’s replacement (Acts 1:14-26). God gave a 120 year period to allow humanity to repent of their evil before engaging in judgment against them (Gen. 6:1-3).

153) May imply God’s overflow of blessing as it is linked with the 153 fish that were caught at one of Jesus’s resurrection appearances (Jn. 21:11).
200) May imply insufficiency. Achan sinfully takes 200 shekels of silver in Jericho (Josh. 7). The Romans escort Paul from Jerusalem to Caesarea with 200 soldiers (Acts 21-23).
390) Represents separation. Ezekiel is commanded to lie on his side for 390 days to represent Israel’s sins and separation (Eze. 4:1-5).
400) May imply a divine time period (time Jews in Egypt)
666) Symbolizes the antichrist and the kingdoms of humanity opposing God. 666 is oddly a triangular number, thus representing a counterfeit trinity. The number is identified as the mark of the beast in Revelation 13:18.
1000) Symbolizes a long time period and the conclusion of a time. Jesus ascended rules in “the millenium” a symbolic time frame between his first and second comings at the end of which Satan will launch one last effort against Christ that will prove fatal for Lucifer (Rev. 19:16; 20:4, 6).
144,000) Symbolizes totality and the church. David’s army consisted of 12 sets of 144,000 in 1 Chronicles 27. More indicative of the numerical meaning is the reference of 144,000 end-time believers whom God saves from the tribes of Israel (Rev. 7:4-9).
More numbers could be given. However, the numbers mentioned in this article represent the most impressive numbers symbolized in the Bible. The intricate detail of Scripture and the numerical connections add to the impressive revelation that is found in God’s word.

Adapted from:https://bellatorchristi.com/2018/01/09/reference-guide-to-biblical-numerology/

The Jubilee (4)

Sung Psalm 45:1-6

Read Lev.27:16-25

The freewill offering of land to the priests became cash to the value of the seed required to sow that land. If a man wanted to buy it back he had to add 20% of the cash value but at the jubilee it reverted to the priests. If a man devoted land to the priests that was bought from another man then a cash value was calculated to be given the priesthood and the land reverted to the original owner at jubilee.

Related passages: Numbers 36:1-7. To prevent land leaving Manasseh the daughters of Zelophehad married within their tribe. Jer.32:7. II Chron.36:21. Neh.10:31. Ezek.46:16-18 (c.f. I Sam.8:14)

Another aspect of Jubilee: Deut.15:1-16. The non-exaction of debt among the Jews (but not foreigners).

In Isaiah 61:1, Jubilee was fulfilled partly when the Jews returned from Babylon but ultimately in the coming of Christ who himself said this Scripture was fulfilled as he read it in the synagogue in Nazareth (Luke 4:16-21). Note it included kindness to Gentiles (widow of Zarephath and Naaman the Syrian).

So the real jubilee came by preaching, by faith and by freeing from slavery to sin and the forgiveness of the debt of sin in the New Testament age, the “now” of II Cor.6:2, in which we no more keep days, months or years (Gal.4:9-10) but resort wholly to the person who brought in real jubilee namely Jesus.

” The benefits of Jubilee were squarely based on the atonement, on the shedding of blood in the stead of Israel. Israel did nothing to atone for itself, did nothing to pay. The benefits were simply bestowed upon Israel by sheer divine grace: slaves were released; debtors were freed;land and people had rest. No one did anything to earn liberation. All simply received it as a pure gift.” Prof David J Engelsma in pamphlet entitled “AD 2000: Year of Jubilee by Papal Indulgence or Reformation Gospel.”

Jubilee ppt (click on view slideshow)

The Jubilee (3)

Jubilee (3)

Sung Psalm 72:1-8 (Messianic Kingdom)

Reading Lev. 25:35-55

A Jew come to poverty could be lent money but at no interest. The medieval church adopted this law and so Christians were not allowed to lend and the Jews took it over.

N.T. believers are to give sensibly to those in need especially brothers (job of church diaconate).

Slavery is not, of itself, morally wrong because we have slaves (servants) here in O.T. Israel. The slavery of blacks in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries which involved kidnapping, torture and ill-treatment was manifestly evil and even today in many lands, east and west, men ,women and children are enslaved by unscrupulous, greedy, uncaring people. In O.T Israel, strangers (foreigners) could be slaves and along with property, inherited with land (v46).These slaves were not released at year of Jubilee.

If a Jew sold himself to a stranger he was to work as a hired servant (vv47-55). If a Jew sold himself to another Jew he was to be released on the seventh year (Ex.21:1-6) but his wife and children did not go free under this older law. Under Jubilee law they were all freed and according to Deut. 15:12-18 they were to be treated liberally with gifts when set free, one reason being their land would lie fallow for another two years! The reason for these laws God says is that all the Jews are God’s servants (v55) i.e. he is to govern their disposal.

Jeremiah 34:8-22 is noteworthy because firstly it shows that the Israelites probably for centuries ignored these laws and here, with impending defeat and captivity they make a “token gesture” to set slaves free but then renege on it and as a result go into captivity for 70 years to allow the land to have the rest it had missed.

Typology-JK (of which more next week)

  • We are God’s willing slaves and freemen (Phil.1:1 bought by the blood of Jesus Christ), cared for by a loving Lord.
  • Our redemption was costly (Ps.49:7-8, 15, I Peter 1:18-19).
  • The worst slavery is slavery to sin which ends in eternal death (Rom.6:20-23, John 8:34).
  • Christ came to bring in this real Jubilee of freeing men (Isaiah 61:1-2, John 8:36).

The Jubile (2)

Sung Psalm 66:1-7

Reading Leviticus 25:23-55

Concerning the LAND (rest), the HOUSES/LAND OWNERSHIP (return) and SLAVES (release).

Points:

  • The land, which in essence is leased, can be redeemed anytime but the price will vary (25:15), depending on how many years remain till the Jubilee. To enable this law to be enacted careful records would have to be kept. Ruth and Naomi returning to Israel whose land was redeemed by Boaz were an example of this being worked out.
  • A house bought in a city could be returned within a year.
  • A house in the country reverts to seller in year of jubilee.
  • Levitical houses could be redeemed at any time and were returned in year of jubilee.
  • Levitical land was theirs in perpetuity.
  • These statutes were unique in Israel, prevented greed and encouraged equality. (Isaiah 5:8-10, Micah 2:1-5, II Cor.8:14-15).

Significance and typology of all this?

  • All God’s people have a heavenly eternal inheritance kept for us (I Peter 1:4).
  • When Christ was born, it was in a certain fixed place (Bethlehem) in Judah in the city of David’s inheritance because both Mary and Jesus’ adoptive father were of the tribe of Judah.

The Jubile

The Jubile

Psalm 100 (Rejoice evermore)

Leviticus 25

 

In order in Scripture we read of rest for God and rest for man (the weekly sabbath) and now we come to rest for the land.

Name jubile or jubilee comes from YOBEL (Hebrew for ram’s horn) which was to be sounded all over Israel.

We celebrate jubilees in relation to our monarchy (e.g.Queen’s diamond jubilee 2013), also silver (25) and golden jubilees (50) and also wedding anniversaries.

The word jubilant comes from this root and means rejoicing.

The components of this jubilee, every seventh year and then the 49th and 50th years are:

  • Agriculture (rest for land, people and animals)
  • Land ownership (it reverts to original owner)
  • Release of slaves
  • Solemn worship assembly (Deut.31:10-13)

Did the Jews keep these laws? Generally, no! (II Chron. 36:21).

Principle to bear in mind:

Time, people and land all belong to God (25:23).

Typology: Christ is our rest and so is eternity future (Matthew 11:28, Heb. 4:3, II Thess.1:7).