The Sin Offering-“Without the camp”
What is the significance of “outside the camp”?
Outside meant not being among God’s people, with the unclean e.g. lepers, not being safe/secure, excommunicated. Examples: those executed (and presumably buried), Lev. 10:4,5, 13:45,46, contaminated buildings 14:41,45, Num. 31:13,19, 5:1-4, toilet area Deut. 23:12-14, Lev.24:23, Num. 15:35,36, Deut. 17:4,5, I Kings 21:13, Acts 7:58, II Chron. 33:15.
This is why in fulfilment of this offering and all it represented, namely uncleanness, curse etc., Christ died outside the city of Jerusalem John 19:20,41.
Hebrews 13 makes it clear Christ fulfilled the sin offering including the blood of atonement sprinkled on the mercy seat I Peter 1:2 and the body suffering under the burning of God’s wrath outside the city.
I Cor.5:5 is the NT equivalent of being put outside the camp (church) by excommunication, hence being consigned to the realm of Satan I Tim. 1:20 and ultimately if unrepentant or unbelieving etc.,into hell and everlasting fire Rev.21:14,15.
As an aside it is worth noting that believers only have a right to communion (close communion) who are able to be excommunicated i.e. are church members.
Our sacrifices now consist praise, thanks, sharing, doing good, submitting to church leaders and being willing to suffer shame.
Further info on outside the camp. Outside the city of Jerusalem which was the city of God and the place of his dwelling was the Valley of Hinnom (south of the city walls in pic). See description. It typifies everlasting destruction in hell which is outside the holy city of the Jerusalem which comes down from above (Rev.21). This was also where Jeremiah pronounced some of his woes (Jeremiah 19:2) which included the captivity or destruction of most of the Jews.
Hinnom a deep, narrow ravine separating Mount Zion from the so-called “Hill of Evil Counsel.” It took its name from “some ancient hero, the son of Hinnom.” It is first mentioned in Joshua 15:8 . It had been the place where the idolatrous Jews burned their children alive to Moloch and Baal. A particular part of the valley was called Tophet, or the “fire-stove,” where the children were burned. After the Exile, in order to show their abhorrence of the locality, the Jews made this valley the receptacle of the offal of the city, for the destruction of which a fire was, as is supposed, kept constantly burning there.
The Jews associated with this valley these two ideas, (1) that of the sufferings of the victims that had there been sacrificed; and (2) that of filth and corruption. It became thus to the popular mind a symbol of the abode of the wicked hereafter. It came to signify hell as the place of the wicked. “It might be shown by infinite examples that the Jews expressed hell, or the place of the damned, by this word. The word Gehenna [the Greek contraction of Hinnom] was never used in the time of Christ in any other sense than to denote the place of future punishment.” About this fact there can be no question. In this sense the word is used eleven times in our Lord’s discourses ( Matthew 23:33 ; Luke 12:5 ; Matthew 5:22 , etc.).