CPRC Men’s Bible Study
Acts 2:37-40 The response to Peter’s sermon
- Pricked in heart means their consciences were disturbed and they were convinced of their sin either in general or specifically in relation to the crucifixion. They were convinced of sin and Christ’s divinity by the Spirit (John 16:8).
- They asked what they must do because true repentance includes action (the fruit of repentance called for by John with the pharisees) and seen in Nicodemus’ reparations and the Ephesians burning their occult books.
- Repentance is a deep sorrow for sin against God that issues in turning from all known sin to obey God (II Cor.7:10).
- Baptism was necessary because it was the New Covenant sign that would replace circumcision and was already enjoined by John.
- Repentance is a grace granted by the Spirit (II Tim.2:24,25) and baptism is the sign commanded that signifies regeneration. They are the result of unconditional election (Rom.5:8, Titus 3:5).
- The promise of salvation (v38) through Messiah is to all the elect alone and also the ability to obey the command to repent and believe.
- The promise is the unconditional, multigenerational covenant that includes believers and their seed as per Abraham, David and Isaiah’s promise in 44:3).
Acts 2:41-47 The life of the early church
- Receiving the word meant it produced repentance and faith which in turn would prompt obedience to the outward sign of baptism.
- The number is recorded, as were the thousands miraculously fed by Christ, to show the size of the miracle and was the proof that Pentecost had really come and that the apostles would do greater things.
- The breaking of bread, we believe, was firstly the Lord’s Supper partaken either in temple or house churches but also fellowship meals together.
- Fear coming on every soul means a respect for the Christians because of events.
- Signs and wonders proved the apostles were divinely appointed.
- What we see is not imposed “communism” but rather a willing generous sharing as each had ability and as need was perceived. It continued the sharing between the apostles they had experienced on the road with Christ, showed they understood it is more blessed to give and what John and Jesus had taught about almsgiving.
- As a body they wanted they wanted to express unity and love.
- They continued in the temple because it was the natural meeting place, it would take time for the sacrificial system to be replaced and it was a witness to unconverted Jews.
- They had the fruit of the Spirit, joy and were sincere.
- We suspect it was friends and relatives of the believing community who held them in favour who were added to the church by coming under the preaching
Next BS (DV) Saturday August 4th 8pm on Acts 3