Notes from CPRC Bible study.
Baptism is not by immersion if:
- the object is too big (tables Mark 7:4)
- the object is in an unsuitable position (standing Paul Acts 9:18)
- the object did not get wet (Noah, Israelites at Red Sea)
- when baptism means something else (Christ’s sufferings, Hebrews sprinkling, Acts pouring)
- when there are too many people (Acts 2 and John’s baptism of thousands)
- when there is not enough water (Acts 8)
- when it is necessarily ubiquitous w.g Arctic, desrts.
- if baptism is by pouring or sprinkling (Acts 2, Hebrews 9, Numbers 4:3,8:7-Christ’s initiation into priesthood)
The sign is WASHING, NOT A WATERY GRAVE. The problem is SIN NEEDING CLEANSED, new life follows.
The essential meaning of baptism is a RADICAL CHANGE nothing else.
Christ’s burial was a sideways entombment not a down into the ground. Spirit baptism which is what is meant to be signified by water baptism is an outpouring of the third person of the trinity onto the elect recipient. We are not immersed in the Spirit and then taken out of him! Baptism in essence means a radical change, there are many Scriptural baptisms where no-one saved got wet (Israelites at Red Sea, Noah, Christ’s in his sufferings etc). Baptism does not necessitate immersion, in fact it is the wrong mode. Christ’s blood sprinkles our evil consciences and Jeremiah prophesied clean water sprinkled upon God’s elect. http://www.cprf.co.uk/articles/meaningofbaptism.htm…
Romans 6 is about……Spirit baptism NOT water baptism. Spirit baptism is from above (John 3:3,5), washing of regeneration is what it pictures, death and resurrection are secondary as we are united to Christ BY the Spirit.
Dreadfully necessary sermon that ALL should listen to, whether atheist, pagan or Christian!
Preacher Rev. Martyn McGeown, Missionary Pastor, Limerick Reformed Fellowship.
“But, when the ties of religion are once broken from the mind, all the most effectual restraints of moral principle are instantly dissolved; public sentiment is absorbed in private interest – public virtue is lost. Sensuality insulates every citizen; he has no country but self; all the energies of patriotism are enfeebled; and voluptuousness, in its progress, creates a base servility of soul which is prepared to submit to any master who will favour its indolence, and afford it the means of indulging its effeminate pleasures. Mutual faith is perished – vows are broken without scruple; for what remains to enforce their obligation? Deceit and treachery are but ordinary means to accomplish unworthy ends. Lust, jealousy, and dastardly revenge disturb the order and destroy the happiness of society. When manners have arrived at this stage of degeneracy, they can then be purged only by the destructive power of a foreign master, or by some dreadful internal and exterminating revolution—Such has ever been the ultimate progression of national dereliction of morals and religion —republics have fallen a prey to internal tyranny, empires to foreign conquest. To cite to you proofs of this truth would be to repeat the records of universal illustrated in the fortunes of individual families. Profligacy of manners, poisoning the very fountains of life, a vicious and debilitated race becomes extinct in a few generations. This is the curse which God has inflicted on practical atheism, and its constant companion, extreme corruption of manners. He has so laid the plan of his providence over the world, that the course of nature shall avenge the violated majesty of his law, and become itself, the minister of his justice. When universal depravity of morals has invaded a people, each race becomes, by obvious causes, more corrupted than the last; the evils of the preceding are still accumulated upon that which follows, and seldom, as I have before said, does the third, or the fourth generation pass away till they are ripe for the exterminating judgments of Heaven. Thus does a righteous and jealous God visit the iniquities of the fathers upon the children to the third and fourth generation of those that hate him.” — Samuel Stanhope Smith, Sermons, Volume 1 (Religion Necessary to National Prosperity)
Thanks Andy Underhile.
The Spirit produces hope.
Hope is an anchor of the soul, sure and steadfast (The motto of the Boys Brigade).
Most boys, myself included, never thought about hope, what it means or about death wherein hope is vital.
Hope is the assurance (certainty) of eternal life, that ere we die, we go to be with Christ and that one day we shall be redeemed body and soul in his presence. (Psalm 16:9, Proverbs 14:32, Romans 5:2, Colossians 1:5,27, 1 Timothy 1:1, 1 Peter 1:3, 1 Peter 3:15.
We have this hope because it is bound up in the resurrection of Christ. He arose, we have arisen to new life, we will arise to new life because we are joined to Christ irrevocably. He is glorious in heaven and so we shall be!
This message is a MUST for all believers AND unbelievers.
What must we believe in the face of the last enemy, the king of terrors, the separation of body and soul at death? Do we have hope of incomparable glory? Do we have hope in our Lord Jesus Christ? If not, ask God for this hope and to increase it!
Listen to Rev. Andrew Lanning lately pastor of Covenant Evangelical Reformed Church in Singapore speaking on Psalm 16 by way of explaining Heidelberg Catechism Lord’s Day 22.
H.C. L.D. 22
Sung Psalm 73:21-28
Reading Psalm 73
God is good to us (his people)!
The writer Asaph was a Levitical leader of the singers at the tabernacle in David’s day and later possibly in the temple in Solomon’s time.
It is a Psalm of particular grace (v 1)-God is good to the church, his saved people.
Asaph’s fall would not just have been a trip but one like over a cliff, fatal!
Vv3-12 he bemoans the material prosperity of the wicked
Vv13-16 this is contrasted with his troubles (v 14) I believe is a sense of his sin and God’s chastisement)
V17 entering into God’s presence in the sanctuary corrects his thinking. He sees things from God’s viewpoint, realises his privilege and realises the end of the wicked. Let this mind be in you (Phil.2)
Vv18,19 speaks of the certain doom of the wicked
Vv21,22 he confesses his sin
Vv23,24 underlines the perseverance/preservation of the saints (John 10:28,29), God’s counsel or plan of our earthly circumstances and the glory that awaits us (although it is already part of us-Rom.8:18-30).
For further reading:
All of God’s grace comes to us by the work of the Holy Spirit. The Person of the Spirit is the purchase of Christ’s blood and the one who effects all his ministry in us.
- Christ prays that the Father sends the Spirit and both Father and Son dispense him to us (Acts 2:33). He is poured out upon us in Spirit baptism.
- He continually supplies the Spirit, who is the chief means of our mortifying the flesh (Rom.8:13).
- Owen speaks of the habit of grace, the new heart, the permanent residence of the Spirit, the source of the seven-fold fruit.
- He speaks separately of actual grace which is transient and consists God’s enabling of all the good works he has decreed for us (Eph. 2:10, Phil.2:13). This may wax and wane.
- The Spirit continually purifies (sanctifies) as the blood of sprinkling.
All this grace is irresistible effecting our salvation from beginning to end.
It should be obvious that in both the initial reception of the Spirit and his on-going work the sign with water of pouring and sprinkling is the only one which adequately and correctly portrays the reality of his work (not immersion!).
Adapted from “Communion with God” by John Owen.
The encounter of Christ with the Samaritan Woman in John 4 is a wonderful pattern of witnessing.
- It was a natural encounter-he was tired and thirsty and she was at a well with access to water.
- Christ asked her a favour and moved her thinking from the physical water to the spiritual water he had.
- When she showed interest he brought up her sin and way of life.
- When convicted and moving to religious topics he spoke of what constituted true worship.
- He told her He was the Messiah.
We would do well to remember this pattern and follow it should opportunity arise.
- Move from the world around us to spiritual reality.
2. If people are interested share about true worship and what constitutes sin.
3. Tell them of Messiah.
Away with all ideas that Mary is a mediatrix between men and God!
“And Mary said, My soul doth magnify the Lord, And my spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour. For he hath regarded the low estate of his handmaiden: for, behold, from henceforth all generations shall call me blessed.” Luke 1:46-48.
God through Christ is her needed Saviour because she was a sinner. God, through Christ is her Lord and master. She is blessed as an adopted child of God by faith in Jesus Christ who died for her sins. He, Jesus, being God and man, is the ONLY mediator between us sinners and the holy God. Any other interposition robs him of his unique glory and is blasphemy!