The Sacrifices

Sung Psalm 40:5-10

Reading Hebrews 10:1-25


Note these key NT verses which among other things make clear the abrogation of the OT sacrifices and the reality to which they pointed and their ultimate fulfilment.

Leviticus chapters 1-7 show us our Saviour’s work and our calling in response-full chart to follow below*. In summary the consecration of ourselves are like Christ’s perfect willing obedience, typified in the burnt offering, our thanksgiving, vows (e.g. church/marriage) and free-will offerings are like the peace offering in which we enjoy covenant fellowship with God in Christ, the sin and trespass offerings are our confession of sin and willingness to go outside the camp bearing Christ’s reproach and in the latter we make restitution if necessary.



In EVERYTHING give thanks!

A Christian ought to be a thankful person. Rev. Bill Langerack exhorts us!



BLOG POST | November 22, 2018


Rev Bill Langerack.

Whenever we gather to give thanks, we should remember what scripture teaches about the activity, especially this time of year when even the ungodly claim to engage in it. Thanksgiving is essentially an act of worship performed only by faith. Although we thank each other and consider it courteous, with few exceptions thanksgiving in scripture is directed entirely to God. Giving thanks is a sacrifice of praise, a freewill offering of the heart to express our gratitude to God (Heb. 13:15; Lev. 22:29). Entering his gates with thanksgiving is simply part of our reasonable service and payment of our vows (Ps. 50:14, 100:4). And it should describe our entire life—we must be thankful in whatsoever we do in word or deed (Col. 3:15-17).

Rightly, we associate thanksgiving mainly with prayer. Thanksgiving begins with prayer (Neh. 11:17). Godly officebearers like Moses, David, and Daniel regularly gave thanks in prayer. Jesus customarily gave thanks in prayer before he broke bread to eat (John 6:23), and Paul ceased not to pray thanks (Eph. 1:16). We also are told to continue in prayer with thanksgiving (Col. 4:2; Phil. 4:6). For Christians, prayer is simply the chief part of thankfulness (LD 45). But an important, perhaps overlooked, means of thanksgiving is singing. Scripture refers to it frequently. David wrote songs and appointed Levites to give thanks morning and evening by singing with instruments (1 Chr. 16:4-7). Scripture says it is good to give thanks by singing (Ps. 92:1), and urges us to come before his presence with thanksgiving, making a joyful noise unto him with psalms, and with voices of thanksgiving to publish all his works (Ps. 95:2, 26:7).

For what are we to be thankful? Everything. In everything give thanks, for this is the will of God concerning you (1 Thess. 5:18). Certainly this includes every good gift of creation. Only if we give thanks can we eat to the Lord (Rom. 14:6). Marriage and meats were created to be received with thanksgiving; indeed every creature of God is good if it is received with thanksgiving (1 Tim. 4:3-4). But, chiefly, we must thank God for who he is and for every spiritual benefit he grants us. The psalmists gave thanks for God’s name being near (Ps. 75:1), for his righteous judgments (Ps. 119:62), and at the remembrance of his holiness (Ps. 30:4). Anna gave thanks for Jesus Christ (Luke 2:38), and the Samaritan leper for his healing (Luke 17:16). Jesus gave thanks that God heard him (John 11:41), and hid the gospel from the wise but revealed it to babes (Matt. 11:15). Through Paul we learn to give thanks for the communion, love, earnest care, and remembrance of the saints (Col. 1:4; Acts 28:15; Phil. 1:3). We must be thankful for faith in Jesus (Phm. 1:5), our election (2 Thess. 2:13), his unspeakable gift (2 Cor. 9:15), obedience to the truth (Rom. 6:17), knowledge of God (2 Cor. 2:14), the Word of God (1 Thess. 2:13), grace (1 Cor. 1:4), our inheritance (Col. 1:12), for victory through Christ (1 Cor. 15:57). And that most often mentioned—give thanks for God is good and his mercy endures forever (1 Chr. 16:34).

Giving thanks is the unique activity of the believer. The ungodly are unable and unwilling, for in death there is no remembrance of God or thanksgiving (Ps. 6:5). It is the characteristic wickedness of the world that when they know God, they neither glorify him nor are thankful (Rom. 1:21). But the righteous give thanks, and do so frequently, for it is the very purpose of our salvation and reason for our existence (Ps. 140:13; Eph. 5:4). The Lord comforts Zion so that thanksgiving may be found therein (Is. 51:3). The Lord plants and builds up his church so we abound therein with thanksgiving (Col. 2:7). He multiplies our numbers and glorifies us with his goodness, so that out of his church shall proceed thanksgiving and the voice of them making merry (Jer. 30:19). We are enriched bountifully in everything, and the administration of his gifts is made abundant in order to bring much thanksgiving to God (2 Cor. 9:11-12). Let us then give thanks unto the Lord among the heathen (Ps. 18:49), give thanks in the great congregation (Ps. 35:18), rise up at midnight to give thanks (Ps. 119:62), and give thanks unto God forever and to all generations (Ps. 30:12, 79:13). For all things are for our sakes, that the abundant grace might through the thanksgiving of many redound to the glory of God (2 Cor. 4:15).

This article was written by Rev. William Langerak and was originally published in the December 1, 2010 issue of the Standard Bearer.
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Fellowship and fervour.

This weekend (DV) Marie and I head to Limerick to renew fellowship with Rev. McGeown and Larisa and the LRF saints, and I compete in the Irish Provinces Indoor Rowing Champs. Site

I have races in the 1000m Lwt (M65-69) and 500m (M60+) All weights.

 University of Limerick, sports hall.


Last year.                               River Shannon behind university sports grounds.

The four bloody sacrifices-a summary

Sung Psalm 37:17-23

Reading Leviticus 5:5-13


In order of value we have 1) animal, bird, flour 2) male v female 3) mature v young.

Christ was the unspeakably valuable offering of the Father whose blood was inestimably precious ( II Cor. 9:15, I Peter 1:19).

David in the Psalm above compares the wicked who perish swiftly with the quickly consumed inward fat of a lamb (vv2,10,20), very likely in a peace offering (see table). Good to remember.


Name/refs 1.    Presentation 2. Laying on hands 3.Slaughter 4.  Application of blood (brass altar,  unless otherwise stated) 5. Burning 6.Eating (by priest unless otherwise stated)
Burt Offering (Heb.OLA) Lev.1, 6:8-12. Cow (m)

Sheep (f)

Goat (m)

Dove or pigeon

ditto ditto All splashed round about and upon altar

Bird’s blood wrung out on side of altar (1:15)

All of animal (except skin)

All of birds (except crop and feathers)

Peace offering (Heb.


Lev.3, 7:11-36.

Cow (m or f)

Lamb (m or f)

Goat (m or f)

ditto ditto All splashed round about upon altar Fat etc Breast and right shoulder

Offerer the rest

Sin offering (Heb. HATTAT) 4:1-5:13, 6:24-30) 1.HP: cow (m)

Cong: cow (m)


2.Ruler: kid (m)

Common person kid or lamb (f)


3.Poor: 2 doves or pigeons


4.v.poor: 1/10 ephah fine flour

Ditto plus confession of specific sin (5:15) ditto 1.HP and cong: sprinkled 7x on veil, smeared on horns of incense altar and poured at base of altar.


common people: smeared on horns of altar and poured at base of altar

3.Poor: sprinkled on side of altar and wrung out at bottom.

4.v.poor: no blood

1.Fat etc on altar. Body outside camp.

2.Fat etc on altar

3.All of birds (except crop and feathers)

4.Handful of flour


2.The rest


3. nothing


4.the rest

Trespass offering (Heb. HASHAM) 5:14-6:7, 7:1-10. Ram plus 120% cash Ditto plus confession of specific sin of omission or wrong done to another (Num.5:7) ditto All splashed round about upon altar Fat etc The rest


Quit you like men, be strong.

Excellent article from Saltshakers Magazine of CERC (Covenant Evangelical Reformed Church, Singapore).

Woon Tian Loong is a member of CERC.
Salt Shakers| Guidance for Youth
The godly man. The godly man. The manly man. The Lord delights in him. His wife leans on him. His children look up to him. The church looks for men like him. The brothers desire a friend like him. The young girls dream of a man like him. But shall he be found, and, what is he like?
“Watch ye, stand fast in the faith, quit you like men, be strong. Let all your things be done with charity” (1 Cor. 16:13-14).
In this text, we find the exhortation to “quit ye like men”. While this text could have a wider target, this text is targeted especially at, and comes first to, the men. “Quit you like men.” The term “quit” simply means to “behave in a specified way”.1 Behave like men. It seems that terms like this are assumed to be understood — that we generally understand the concept of what a man is. However, does Scripture have anything to say about being a man? In this text, we find that connected with the idea of being a man is being strong. The chief characteristic of a young man is his strength. When we examine other passages of scripture that uses a similar language as “quit ye like men”, we find that in exhorting men to be men, men are exhorted to be strong.
David charged Solomon — “…be thou strong therefore, and shew thyself a man…” (1 King. 2:2)
We have strength that is outside of ourselves, yea, the strength of the almighty, omnipotent God. “I have written unto you, young men, because ye are strong, and the word of God abideth in you, and ye have overcome the wicked one” (1 Jn. 2:14). Notice then, the present tense “are”. This means that right now, we have strength. Strength, because our almighty God fights our battles for us and works all things for our good. And if we have strength to overcome even sin, and the devil, then surely, we can say with the Apostle Paul, “I can do all (spiritual) things through Christ which strengtheneth me” (Phi. 4:13).
Yet, the text that we consider in 1 Corinthians says, “Be Strong” (and not “ye are strong”). This implies, then, that there is an inclination that we, as men, might not want to be strong or to manifest that strength that we have in the Lord. Furthermore, it implies that we have to manifest that strength which God gives to us in order to fulfil the callings that God gives to us and the battles which He fights through us.
The source of a man’s strength is God alone, and he has it by faith. He believes in the Almighty Lord who out of nothing made the heavens and the
this victory (1 John 5:4-5)!
Not only our faith but also our hope is informed by the truth of the imago
dei. At our resurrection, we shall be God’s perfect image-bearers (Ps. 17:15; 1 Cor. 15:49). Then, in Christ, we will exercise a far greater kingship over the
universe than ever Adam did before the fall (Gen. 1:26-27; Ps. 8). This is well worth waiting for!. Even the ungodly Philistine soldiers, when they were sore afraid, encouraged each other to be men and be strong — “Be strong, and quit yourselves like men, O ye Philistines…” (1 Sam. 4:9).
What is strength then? It is the ability to perform the task or overcome the challenge that is before him. It is also the ability to bear up under a burden. Physically, a strong man has the ability to lift heavier objects than a weak man. More than physical strength however, the strength that scripture commands us to is spiritual strength which will also lead to emotional strength.
A man in himself is weak. He thinks himself strong. He thinks himself strong when he is able to perform a certain task or has accomplished (what the eyes of men consider) a difficult task. It may be that he is able to build an entire nation from the dust or attempt a tower that reaches the skies (if left unobstructed). Nevertheless, a spiritual man, when he scans God’s wondrous heavens, knows how weak he is [paraphrase of Psalter 15]. Besides, whatever strength a man may be gifted with, he is not able to overcome the final enemy, death — he can neither do so for himself nor for the ones that he loves. (Likewise for sin, etc., and the list continues).
We who are men, however, who are called according to the election of God,
Because a man has strength, he has these characteristics: He does not give up but perseveres. Just as how a physically strong man does not give up the load that he is carrying easily, so a spiritually strong man does not give up the responsibilities laid upon him easily. Though his responsibilities are hard to bear, trusting in God, he seeks strength to endure the hardships that come with the responsibility.
He is not quick to complain. Of the many things that we complain about, how often do we complain because we perceive that the problem is too great or at the threshold of what we can handle? Likewise, when a task is easy and well within our abilities, then how much less do we complain? So also the strong man. It is not so much that he presumes that the tasks that he is given will be easy, but he understands that God will preserve him and so he does not complain but prays even when he is feeling overwhelmed. He prays for strength of heart and skill to accomplish that seemingly impossible task before him.
He is not upset or feel offended easily. Spiritual strength includes the ability to take insults and offence. As a wall can easily withstand the punches of a child and not be damaged in any way, so can a strong man take insults and offence and not be hurt by the opinions and words of others. This does not mean that he does not care. He, being spiritual, does care. He cares when the insults of others are caused by his actions and sins and he wants to seek reconciliation. He cares when his loved ones are insulted. He cares if the name of God is blasphemed and in strength, defends the name of God. What he is not easily affected by though, is the negativity of others on him personally.
He has confidence. A strong man has confidence in the things that he is good in. Likewise, a spiritually strong man has the confidence that God will work all things for his good to the glory of God. He is bold to do that which is right. He knows that there might be unpleasant backlash and suffering from doing that which is right. However, he has strength of heart to endure the suffering and does what he needs to do.
He is steadfast in faith. He knows the word of God. He knows that if he were to live it out faithfully, he might suffer ridicule or even be persecuted. He knows that the truth of God is unpopular in this sinful world. Many will try to shake him, and question if what he holds on to is worth it. Nevertheless, he is strong to endure the mockings that come because of faithfulness to the word of God.
What other parts of scripture pertain to this topic, and what are the temptations that surround a man so that he is tempted to not want to be a man? Let us explore these in the next instalment.

Further copies: SS archive

Jewish Captivity

Background to Jeremiah and Lamentations.


Lam.4:11-13, “The Lord hath accomplished his fury; he hath poured out his fierce anger, and hath kindled a fire in Zion, and it hath devoured the foundations thereof. The kings of the earth, and all the inhabitants of the world, would not have believed that the adversary and the enemy should have entered into the gates of Jerusalem. For the sins of her prophets, and the iniquities of her priests, that have shed the blood of the just in the midst of her..” Note that the persecution of God’s saints was one reason for the captivity just as the crucifixion of Christ was followed by the sacking of Jerusalem by the the Romans in 70 AD-JK.

The Babylonian captivity or Babylonian exile is the period in Jewish history during which a number of people from the ancient Kingdom of Judah were captives in Babylonia (as a result of God’s righteous punishment for their persistent idolatry and societal wickedness-JK). Their sin is called filthiness (Lam.1:22) and typifies the persistent sin of a Christian believer who is thereby impoverished and chastised by God.

Jehoiakim burns Jeremiah’s scroll; as in the Book of Jeremiah 36:21-32

Jehoiakim was appointed king by Necho II, king of Egypt, in 608 BC, after Necho’s return from the battle in Haran, three months after he had killed King Josiah at Megiddo. Necho deposed Jehoiakim’s younger brother Jehoahaz after a reign of only three months and took him to Egypt, where he died. Jehoiakim ruled originally as a vassal of the Egyptians, paying a heavy tribute. To raise the money he “taxed the land and exacted the silver and gold from the people of the land according to their assessments.”

After the Battle of Carchemish in 605 BCE (in which King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon defeated Pharaoh Neco of Egypy, he besieged Jerusalem, resulting in tribute being paid by King Jehoiakim, Jehoiakim refused to pay tribute in Nebuchadnezzar’s fourth year, which led to another siege in Nebuchadnezzar’s seventh year, culminating with the death of Jehoiakim and the exile of King Jeconiah, his court and many others;Jehoiakim was a king of Judah from 608 to 598 BC. He was the second son of king Josiah and he was succeeded by his son Jeconiah (also known as Jehoiachin). After three months, Nebuchadnezzar deposed Jeconiah and Jechoniah  was imprisoned for many years but finally freed by Evil Merodach, Nebuchadnezzar’s successor, and cared for at his court. Jeconiah’s successor, his uncle Zedekiah and others were exiled in Nebuchadnezzar’s eighteenth year; a later deportation occurred in Nebuchadnezzar’s twenty-third year. The dates, numbers of deportations, and numbers of deportees given in the biblical accounts vary. These deportations are dated to 597 BCE for the first, with others dated at 587/586 BCE, and 582/581 BCE respectively.

After the fall of Babylon to the Persian king Cyrus the Great in 539 BCE, exiled Judeans were permitted to return to Judah. According to the biblical book of Ezra, construction of the second temple in Jerusalem began around 537 BCE. All these events are considered significant in Jewish history and culture, and had a far-reaching impact on the development of Judaism.

Archaeological studies have revealed that not all of the population of Judah was deported, and that, although Jerusalem was utterly destroyed, other parts of Judah continued to be inhabited during the period of the exile. The return of the exiles was a gradual process rather than a single event, and many of the deportees or their descendants did not return, becoming the ancestors of the Iraqi Jews.


Scottish Indoor Rowing Championships 2018

Tomorrow (DV) I pay a flying visit to Scotland to compete in the above for I think the fourth year. I usually get a medal of some hue (see pic). I have trained hard all year and am just around the correct weight of 75Kg to be “lightweight”.

The hall at Ravenscraig Sports Centre, Motherwell.

The score board showing race in progress.

Publicity for 2017 champs, I am just behind Roger (black and yellow shirt) and Stewart, one of my competitor friends is in red vest.

Medals 2018Row pro

Last year a silver (1000m)  and a bronze (500m).

If you care to pray for my witness I would appreciate that.


M60 1000m Lwt medallists.

Giving 100%


The guys in 1000m from England were just too good and of course in the 500m I was the only lightweight but I was told next year they will have separate medals.

Preparing for Persecution (2)

Why is there persecution of Christian believers in the world?

The answer is the Antithesis (Gen.3:15, 1 Peter 5:9, Is. 63:9, Acts 9:4, John 15:20) There is a cosmic-wide war going on, centred on planet earth with God’s arch enemy Satan (and the seed of the serpent are all the reprobate wicked) versus Christ (the seed of the woman and all his elect sons and daughters i.e believers in every age), Satan’s henchmen the fallen angels and the reprobate wicked versus the elect angels and the righteous in Christ, the false church versus the true church, and on the human level the basic reason is because our lives and words testify against the wicked. Jesus stated that because he was hated his followers would be hated too (Matt.10:22).In the first Scriptural case of persecution Abel (Gen 4:3-15,Heb.11;4, I John 3:12, Amos 5:12) is murdered by his brother Cain because of jealousy and his corrupt religious practice (offering a bloodless sacrifice). Persecution can be traced throughout Scripture. Ultimately persecution will bring horrible judgement on the persecutors but it is part of the cup of iniquity that has to be full when Christ returns. (Gen.4:10-16, I John 3:12, Rev.6:10, Ps. 10:2, 94:5,23, 119:86, 161, Jer.17:18) conversely the persecution is part of the cup of suffering Christ’s church must fill up too. The very end times will bring unprecedented persecution on the church through Antichrist who will demand obedience (taking his mark) and worship from all on earth. The followers of Christ will not comply just as the three Hebrews declined when faced with being told to worship Nebuchadnezzar’s image. Antichrist will then persecute Gods people to death through which they shall be delivered just like the myriads burnt at the stake, hanged and mutilated by evil men in previous generations of history. Jesus warned his disciples that just as he would be hated and persecuted, so would they. David, a type of Christ, in a previous age complains about all who persecuted him including Saul and Absalom in many of the Psalms. We will see God’s reasons for decreeing persecution later.

The Trespass Offering

Trespass Offering

Reading Lev. 5:14-6:7 and 7:1-7

Occasion: Sins quantifiable monetarily where recompense is made for sin.

Sins of property pertaining to God* or men, sometimes things forgotten for sacrifice, sometimes deliberate sins against neighbour.

Key words, “make amends,” (v16) and “restore” (6:4).

It was always a ram for sacrifice plus the restitution except Lev.14:12 and Num.6:12.

“in the holy things” (v15) e.g. *tithes, first fruits, first born, poll tax (Ex.30), pilgrimage feast offerings, vows, spoils of war.

C.f. Lev.22:14 and Ex.22:1 in the latter where civil law broken and person caught.


Slaughter-c.f. burnt/sin off both killed north side of altar.

Blood application- blood splashed (B.O.) sprinkled/smeared (S.O)

Burning like P.O and S.O. all fatty covered innards.

Eating- priest as S.O (when common man or ruler)

C.f. Num.5:5-10 when there is no-one known to recompense.

Cross refs: Psalm 69:4 (messianic fulfilment where Christ not only pays for our sins but gives us bountifully blessings on top) and Isaiah 53:10 (sin means literally trespass). Luke 19:8 where Zacchaeus applies this in reparation on conversion.

Click image for clarity.



Preparing for persecution

Preparing for persecution.

The impetus to write on this topic was given me after it was NOT chosen as the topic of the next BRF conference in 2020 (maybe 2022!), because I believe it is a vitally important topic as yet not addressed at the conferences and to an extent undeveloped in our churches’ literature and teaching. It is a topic about which many are ignorant or perhaps choose to ignore out of fear or foreboding.  Persecution will always test the authenticity of a Christian believer because it is necessary and divinely decreed and when experienced exposes the believer to the cost of following Christ and not denying him. It is the inevitable consequence of being a believer, especially a sincere consecrated one (II Timothy 3:12). It is not a topic comprehensively addressed in the “Three Forms” but we all remember that the author of the Belgic Confession, Guido de Bres died for his Saviour. The series of articles will seek to answer these questions:


  1. Why is there persecution?
  2. What form does it take?
  3. Biblical examples?
  4. Where is it happening?
  5. What should be our response?
  6. What is God’s purpose in it and the final outcome?
  7. When in history has it been most evident and what will happen as the end approaches?
  8. How should we support others in it?