The Passover during the Monarchy
Sung Psalm 120 (pilgrim psalm)
Reading II Chronicles 30
- King Saul’s reign (40 years)-no record of any Passovers.
- King David (40)-brought up ark, instituted public worship. Prepared for temple, but again no record although you would surmise it was being kept.
- King Solomon (40). Built temple, prosperous reign, extensive united kingdom.
We know in his reign initially it was kept at Gibeon (II Chron. 1) then at Jerusalem (II Chron. 8:12-16). But he fell into polygamy and idolatry (I Kings 11:1-13) and as a result the kingdom (representing the church in those days) was divided.
Review Northern Kingdom-Jeroboam till Hoshea (prophet Hosea)
Southern Kingdom-Rehoboam till Hezekiah (finally till Zedekiah)
Chapter outline: verses 2-5 plan (synod)
23-27 additional feast
- Second month (see Num.9:11) because temple not cleansed (29:17,18), previous king Ahaz closed it and was idolatrous (28:24,25), priests not sanctified, people not gathered.
- Levites killed animals instead of heads of houses (Ex.12:6)
- People actually ceremonially unclean (v18) but the spiritual trumped the ceremonial! (cf I Cor.11:30). Hezekiah interceded.
- Another seven days celebrated (like Solomon in I Kings 8:65)
- Teaching (v22)
What made it so great a Passover? Ideas: Number of people, number of sacrifices, length of feast, gladness, Psalms, teaching, exemplary king and church leaders.