I went down into the garden of nuts
This is very properly taken notice of in this song of love; it being usual for newly married persons to get nuts, and throw them among children; to signify, among other things, that they now renounced childish things. Of the garden, as it intends the church, (See Gill on Song of Solomon 5:12); into which he was invited to come, and did, as here; see ( Song of Solomon 4:16 ) ( 5:1 ) ; here it is called a “garden of nuts”, which may design a spot in it destined for this fruit; rather “walnuts”; And by “nuts”, which grew in the garden, the church, true believers, may be designed; who, like them, have a mean outward appearance, but are valuable within, having the true grace of God in them because of their hardiness in enduring afflictions and troubles, the shell may represent; and because of their best and most excellent parts being hidden, even grace, the hidden man of the heart, signified by the kernel, and which will not fully appear until the shell or tabernacle of the body is broken down; and because of their safety from harm and pollution, amidst the storms of afflictions, persecutions, and temptations, and pollutions of the world, the principle of grace, like the kernel, remains unhurt and undefiled; and because of the multitude of believers, united and cleaving together, which is delightful to behold, like clusters of nuts in a nut garden. One anonymous writer believes the nuts represent mature believers who bear the fruits of affliction and humiliation, the fathers of I John 2, while the flourishing vines are the young men and the budding pomegranates the babes. It is worth noting that nuts are seeds and germination of them leads to plants or trees. They are durable and can still be viable after long ages. They are also very nutritious-JK. Christ is the seed of Abraham. Moody Stuart believes the bride is speaking and the nuts represent the rich hidden kernels of Scripture that God by his mighty hand must open for us (John 16:12, Matt.13:11, Hebrews 5:12-14), but Gill says the ends of Christ in going into this garden were,
to see the fruits of the valley;
to observe the graces of his Spirit; the actings, exercise, and growth of them in humble souls, among whom he delights to be, ( Isaiah 57:15 ) ; the valley being the fertile soil in which believers are planted, even by the river of divine love; with which being watered, they flourish, ( Psalms 1:3 ) ;
[and] to see whether the vine flourished;
particular churches, or believers, compared to vines; who may be said to flourish, when they increase in numbers, and are fruitful in grace and good works; see ( Song of Solomon 2:13 ) ;
[and] the pomegranates budded;
of which, see ( Song of Solomon 4:13 ) ; the budding, of them may design the beginnings, or first putting, forth, of grace in the saints; which Christ takes much notice of, and is highly pleased with.