Hosea (History 7).

Red Sea


Sung Psalm 114

Read Amos 2:1-12, Hosea 2:14-15.

Hosea remembers the Red Sea crossing and the singing after Pharaoh and his host were drowned (Ex.15:1-2, 20-21, Ps.106:11-12 and Rev.15:3-4)

Hosea is exhorting the people not to trust Egypt, not to go back to idolatrous bondage and prophesying they will again live in tents as a judgment upon them (9:10, 12:9). They ought to listen to the prophet as they did to Moses (12:13). Hosea is not unique among the prophets in basing his message on history e.g. the Exodus.

See Amos 2:9-10 (Numbers 13) referring  to the conquest of Canaan. The N.T equivalent is I Cor.6:18-20—you have been redeemed, live like redeemed people! v11 refers to the institution of prophets to speak for God (Deut.5:27ff and Nazarites (Numbers 6), which the people ignored or tempted to sin respectively.

Amos 3:1-2 speaks of the privilege of God’s people, 4:10 the plagues then and now, 5:25-26 idolatry in the wilderness even under Moses’ nose, 8:8, 9:5, 7 annual Nile flooding. The prophets knew and believed their Biblical history and often based their messages on it!


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