From A.W. Pink’s “The Divine Covenants”.
Jehovah is God’s covenant name, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, the unchangeable faithful I AM and God of the unbreakable covenant with his people. Remember before Abraham was “I AM”.
Christ himself is the covenant (Isaiah 42:6), given to his people as the pledge of it’s blessings (Rom.8:32). In Malachi 3:1 he is designated the messenger of the covenant and in Hebrews 7:22, the surety of a better covenant, a surety being someone engaged to fulfil certain legal obligations for another. He is the testator in Hebrews 9:16 and mediator in Hebrews 9:15 and 12:24. Hebrews 13:20 forever links Christ’s sacrifice with the everlasting covenant. The triune God raised him from the dead after he had fulfilled his part of laying down his lifeblood. God triune was Christ’s God from his mother’s belly (Ps.22:10), at the cross (“My God, my God”) and in Rev.3:12 (x4).
The everlasting covenant made with Abraham and his SEED (Christ) in Genesis 17:7 is explained in Gal.3:16-17 as something promised by God to Christ himself. It consists life everlasting (Titus 1:2). Note that the benefactors, God’s elect have no conditions to fulfil according to Heb.8:11-12, they are sovereignly and graciously forgiven.
- The Father covenanted with Christ that he should be the federal head of his people and free them from bondage. In dying the testament is ratified, hence the Lord’s Supper. He is head of all things as the second Adam. The pure bride, the church, was betrothed to him in marriage.
- Christ had to become man. The Father became Christ’s Lord and he became his servant. Pink astutely points out that Christ took the form of a servant BEFORE the incarnation (Phil.2:7-11).
- Christ’s death was the completion of his agreement with the Father guaranteeing the salvation of all the elect (not making opportunity for or the possibility of salvation!)
- Christ was endued with divine power and help for the discharge of his work (Is.11:1-3, 42:4-6, 50:8-10, 61:1, John 8:29). He was assured of success (Ps.89:27-29, Is.53:10-11, Ps.110:1-3).
This everlasting covenant (Is.55:3) is thus named because the blessings in it devised in eternity past will endure forever. It is a covenant of peace because it secures reconciliation with God. It is a covenant of life (Mal.2:5) because it grants friendship between man and God which is eternal life (John 17:3). It is a holy covenant (Luke 1:72) because it secures the holy character of God and provides for the holiness of God’s people.